A hernia is a weakness or opening in the muscular structure of the wall of the abdomen. A hernia leads to the bulging of the abdominal wall. When the abdominal muscles are tightened, the bulging is most noticeable. It is visible because the pressure in the abdomen is increased. Activities that increase the intra-abdominal pressure worsen the hernia. Activities that lead to this include coughing, straining to have a bowel movement, and lifting. Incarceration may lead to serious problems. In the process of incarceration, the tissues are trapped in the hernia. If the tissues are trapped, the blood supply may be cut off, thereby, damaging the tissue. A hernia surgery is usually required to treat the incarceration.
Location of the Hernia
In most cases, the hernia is located in the groin region. There are a number of reasons for this tendency. The groin region has a natural anatomical weakness and that leads to incomplete muscle coverage. Due to the upright position of the human posture, there are natural tendencies of the hernia to push towards the bottom of the abdomen. This results in more stress on the weaker tissues. The combination of all these factors result in the breakdown of the of the support tissues, enlargement of any pre-exiting hole, or due to tearing, results in a new hole. There are several types of hernia that appear in the groin region. These include direct hernia, femoral hernia, and indirect hernia. The ventral hernia appears in the midline of the abdomen. The umbilical hernia occurs within the navel.
How to prevent hernia?
There are a number of ways hernia can be prevented. Good body mechanics are a key to prevent the occurrence of hernia. For instance, when lifting, a person must maintain good abdominal support posture. Also, one must prevent weight control problems. The most basic symptoms of hernia are pain and discomfort. In many cases, there is a swelling in the groin area or the abdomen surface. Sometimes, the occurrence of hernia is inherited and it gradually develops as the person grows older. However, if it is controlled at the right time, then further problems can be eliminated. Some of the other surgeries associated with hernia are trigger finger surgery, tummy tuck procedure, and tummy tuck surgery.